Typography Poems: Tzara and Breton
Left: “Bilan” (“Balance Sheet”) by Tristan Tzara; Dada, Issue 4–5, 1919. This typographic experiment poem shows the influence of the idea that poetry can be pieced together from found (print) text. It is conceptually related to Tzara’s “How to Make a Dadaist Poem” from a cut up newspaper. Right: In the 1920s, Surrealist André Breton created homages to Tzara’s work, such as “Relève” (“Relief”).